Tuesday, March 19, 2013

Top 10 Venomous Frogs in the World

Frogs are some of the unnoticed animals that are also deteriorating in numbers. It is not yet extinct, but it is approaching that direction. These amphibians have been used and known because of the magical concept found in a fairytale story of a prince who was cursed to become a frog. In order to break that reproach, he needs to be kissed by a princess whose heart is pure and in-love with him. We all know that the story had its final stump just like any other imaginary narration; they ended up together happily ever after. Of course, you won’t dare to leave or brush your hand with these top 10 venomous frogs in the world despite that we are celebrating the world frog day today. There are over 75 countries that observe this day, whose primary purpose is to save and protect them. As you join other people in capturing this day’s vision, get to know the details of this list.
10. Red-backed Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://www.foodofeye.blogspot.com/p/frog.html
Its binomial name is Ranitomeya reticulate that has a lifespan of 8 to 12 years. Its habitation is tropical rainforest and it is part of the Dentrobatidae family under the order of Anura. It is now an endemic specie in Peru and Ecuador where it’s originated. You could recognize it’s poisonous because of its intense color and pattern. Its skin secretes pumilotoxin C that causes muscle contraction in the human skeletal muscle and in the delicate parts of the heart, which might result to partial paralysis, and worse… death.
9. Strawberry Poison Dart Frog
thomas marent strawberry poison dart frog dendrobates pumilio bastimentos national park bocas del toro Top 10 Venomous Frogs in the World
Photo Source: http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Strawberry-Poison-Dart-Frog-Dendrobates-Pumilio-Bastimentos-National-Park-Bocas-Del-Toro-Posters_i9003522_.htm
It measures about an inch long that has thin limbs and a plump body. It’s very bright body color signifies that it’s really indeed venomous. It’s normally seen in Puerto Rico, and other parts of Central America. They inhabit in premontane forest and humid lowlands. You can see about 400 of them during wet months in Puerto Rico. It is also known as Blue Jeans Frog or Dendrobates Pumilio while it carries a Spanish name of Ranita Roja. The toxin that it releases belongs to the Phyllobates Terribilis group that can kill ten adult humans or equivalent to 20 mice. Its lifespan is about 5 to 6 years.
8. Blue Poison Dart Frog
animals blue poison frog slide1 Top 10 Venomous Frogs in the World
Photo Source: http://www.aqua.org/explore/animals/blue-poison-dart-frog
It’s called dendrobates tinctorius, which was discovered by scientists in 1968. It is easily recognized because of its blue color with black spots and darker limbs and belly. It releases poison from their skin that is really lethal to its predators. You can see them near streams, boulders, leaf  litter, and other debris areas. It measures about 2 inches long and it originates in Brazil.

7. Lovely Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnclare/8058909454/
It may carry the name a lovely poison frog, but you might call it bewitched once you are contracted by its toxin, which is not really that dangerous compared to other species under the Phyllobates genus. Nevertheless, it’s still lethal. It is also known as Phyllobates lugubris that belongs to the family of Dendrobatidae found in Panama, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Their habitations are lowland moist, tropical, or subtropical forests, plantations, and rivers. It is nearing extinction in Honduras. The toxin that it secretes from the skin is typified as Pumilitoxin A that also causes muscle contractions that may result to respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.

6. Golfodulcean Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://www.flickr.com/groups/wildarena/pool/?view=lg
It belongs to Dendrobatidae Family under the Phyllobates genus, which is the reason it is also called Phyllobates Vittatus that inhabits rivers, lowland forests, moist and other tropical and subtropical areas. It carries nuerotoxic alkaloid poisons found in their skin that causes paralysis, severe pain, and mild seizures. Its multicolored body signifies of its toxins and at the same time, as a defense against its predators.  Its lifespan is about 8 to 15 years and it weighs 3 grams, which is found in Western Panama and Southern Costa Rica.

5. Splash-backed Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://animals-animals-animals.tumblr.com/post/23638888108/splash-backed-poison-frog-ranitomeya-variabilis
It measures around 30 to 40mm and is recognized for its black with an orange or yellow splashed back. Its skin color varies from yellow orange to red brown. Its scientific name is Aldelphobates galactonotus and belongs to dendrobatidae family. It can be seen living in Columbia and Canopy of Ecuador.

4. Phantasmal Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://www.dipity.com/tickr/Flickr-poison-frog/
It is a higher classification of Epipedobates that carries the scientific name of Epipedobates tricolor. It might be tiny, but is venomous because its skin carries a toxin that is 200 times deadlier than morphine. It can be seen largely in the Ecuadorian Bolivar province, which area belongs to that of the poison dart frog. It can grow up to 4 centimeters or 1.6 inches, and its lifespan is up to 10 years. Based on medical studies, a chemical found in their skin serves as heart stimulants, painkiller, and muscle relaxants.

3. Kokoe Poison Dart Frog
Phyllobates Aurotaenia 01 Top 10 Venomous Frogs in the World
Photo Source: http://reptiles.wikia.com/wiki/Kokoe_poison_dart_frog
The third most venomous frog in the world is found in Northern Columbia, which is also known as Phyllobates Aurotaenia that has a lifespan of 8 to 15 years. It weighs 3 grams and it grows up to 1.3 inches long. It is endemic today because of pollution, habitat loss, and chytridiomycosis. It secretes allopumiliotoxin 267A and batrachotoxin, which causes convulsions, paralysis, high fever, and loss of muscle control. It also belongs to lugubris subgenus. Among the poisonous frogs that you’ll see on this list, this is the most intelligent because it can remember locations and it distinguishes humans.

2. Black-legged Dart Frog
 Top 10 Venomous Frogs in the World
Photo Source: http://www.kimballstock.com/results.asp?db=a&image=FRG+01+WF0024+01
The second most toxic frog belongs to Phyllobates class that carries the most toxic chemical that could kill adults. The primary effects of its venom, once it started secreting small amount from its skin, are muscular and respiratory paralysis. Although some medical experts are still conducting research if there are medicinal benefits from this frog, it is yet to be proven. It’s found in the western part of Columbia, it has a lifespan of 8 to 15 years, and it grows up to 1.9 to 2.2 inches long.

1. Golden Poison Frog
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Photo Source: http://www.flickriver.com/photos/tags/frog/interesting/
It is indeed the most life-threatening frog in the world because it can kill up to 10 people. Its size is about 2.5 cm or 1-inch long, and lives for as long as 10 years. It weighs less than 1 ounce, making it the same as gold, lightweight but still dangerous. It inhabits in rainforests, and it’s easily distinguished because of its very bright color, but small in size. Its skin has an alkaloid poison that hinders transmission of impulses that would eventually lead to contraction and heart failure. It is found living in the Pacific coast of Columbia, but they are near extinction due to disappearance of tropical rainforests.

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